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Main Dictionary B

Bungalow

In all countries a bungalow is a small private house, which is designed for one family. According to the standards, this type of building is one-story, but options with an additional mansard floor under the roof are allowed. In addition to the standard number of floors, the bungalow has a specific planning and decoration. All rooms in the house are compactly arranged around a central space - the living room. Light colors and natural materials prevail in the decoration.

Simple and understated design and interior are the main characteristics of any bungalow. It creates a pleasant atmosphere in the house, which is great for rest and recovery.

Historical reference

The history of the bungalow-type building began 150-200 years ago in Bengal - the territory of present-day India. The term was borrowed from the local Hindi language, the meaning of the word bungalow literally translates as "Bengali style building". At that time the region was a British colony and small, but good-quality, one-story houses were built for Englishmen, who came to work, explore the colony or just in search of the unknown. British people helped to spread this principle of building all over the world. In Great Britain, small and low-cost private houses began to be built by farmers for themselves. Naturally, the Foggy Albion residents approached a more fundamental construction than it was accepted in hot India, but the principles of planning and interior decoration have been preserved. Soon, at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, bungalow-style houses began to be built on the other side of the ocean - in America. The project and name were first documented by the American architect William Preston in 1897. The project was so popular that it soon became traditional in a number of southern and coastal states, and later the same principle began to be built in Australia and Europe. Nowadays the principles of bungalow construction are used in the construction of private houses and in the hotel business.

Bungalow as a living house

Among the common features of bungalows in all countries is a specific layout and space zoning of the room. All rooms are located on one floor and there is practically no vertical zoning in the interior. Rooms are small, but for the convenience they are made as open and bright as possible. For this purpose, the interior uses a minimum of furniture and additional elements, and the size of the windows increases up to panoramic glazing, to maximize the use of natural light and visually expand the space due to the view into the yard. Natural materials and soft colors prevail in the decoration of the house.

Advantages of a bungalow style house

Comfortable. There are no stairs, all the rooms are on one floor. This is important if there are small children or elderly people living in the house.

Economical. It is fast, easy and cheap to build a bungalow, a one-story building does not require a monolithic foundation and you can save money on flooring.

Simple. It is easy to plan the layout of communications in a one-story compact building.

Safe. Natural materials do not harm people' health, and for emergency evacuation, for example in case of fire, you can jump out the window without any problems.

Bungalow House Types

Types of bungalows differ depending on the country in which they are built. The classification expands to tens of configurations and depends on the features and traditions of buildings in each individual region. For example, in the USA, there are three main types of bungalows (California, Craftsman and Chicago bungalows). Also, Spanish, Swiss, Colonial and Dutch bungalows are widespread.

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